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How to make pottery? – A simplified building guide

Making pottery is a renowned profession and we have adopted it for Hobby’s self-satisfaction activity. It can steadily prove the most exciting fun activity that one can have in their free time, as it involves a lot of creativity and mind-boosting ideas. Similarly, the essential element that refers to pottery is types of clay you choose. The clay works effectively for creating various fascinating materials in terms of How to make pottery?

The people shape the clay in multiple ways and project it to more exciting and exploring shapes.

Moreover, the whole of the working adventure and experiment for making pottery at home depends on the clay activity. Surely, various significant techniques, tools, and equipment play a vital role in shaping and decorating.

Furthermore, This article is the most simplified guide regarding the clay and pottery aspects that would give you the most impressive ideas for beginning the pottery tasks at home with ease.

The Essential Material Required for Making pottery

Essential Material Required for Making pottery
Essential Material Required for Making pottery

The most apparent element required to begin the pottery task is clay, a fine-grinned earth material. It is essential to go for the clay according to the product you want. Because clay is the primary construction element while inquiring about making pottery.

Similarly, For the precise selection of the clay, it is better to know what ceramic item you want? Every ceramic product has different clay usability and temperature requirements. So, according to this aspect, here are some clear-cut categories for the choice of clay also.


Kiln Wash Recipe

Types of Clay That we can use

Types of Clay That we can use
Types of Clay That we can use


It is easiest to handle and deal with clay options. The significant advantage this clay has; it is highly appropriate for beginners’ usage.

It comes in various colors ranging from dark brown to white and provides excellent exposure to experimentation. Secondly, it can hold the water inside it without glazing because it becomes non-porous once exposed to the fire.


earthenware is also a clay versatility but is not more reliable than Stoneware. It is heavier, thicker, and requires glazing. This glazing activity makes the claymore permeable for the final items. 


It is the type of clay to handle. It is hugely thicker and requires considerable water to shape the objects. The whole activity for porcelain depends on the amount of water. 

A balanced amount of water; otherwise, the shape of the clay might collapse and dry out more quickly. Thus dealing with porcelain requires practice to get with an expert.  

On the whole, the fine finish of the porcelain clay can not be beatable, and the pottery looks even more enchanting and beautiful. Apart from the clay, some other credentials in pottery include Kiln, a glazing material that enchants designs.

Specifically, specific tools play an essential role in providing a professional look to ceramic pieces. All of these are going to discuss in a very comprehensive way, in the content given next;

Techniques of Creating Pottery

Techniques of Creating Pottery
Techniques of Creating Pottery

Pottery-making is a confined art form that primarily involves the use of clay and ceramic elements.

Early on, there is only recognition of hand-built pottery that a portion of clay is required. which is shaped into valuable things by the movement of hands. Similarly, a variety of hand-crafted techniques are used to present a hostile item image; some of them are as follows:


In this technique, the clay is placed over the plate or sheet, after which it is divided and cut into the desired shapes. These cut portions are then joined to the edges to form the clay into any shape.


In this technique, the potter rolls as a circular roller until it turns into the shape of a coil. Once it turns into a coil, these coils are assembled to convert it into different required forms.

Pinch pot

It is one of the earliest techniques used for pottery. In this set of techniques, the clay is assembled and then pressed into the available shapes of the pot, plate, dish, cup, etc.

These hand-built technique methods answer the best question: how to make clay pots without a wheel? But with time, new techniques and improvements have been added to the system. These techniques give rise to the wheel-thrown aspect of the pottery.

Furthermore, Wheel-thrown pottery is very popular, as it saves time and effort of work. With a bit of knowledge of mold handling and the spinning action of the wheel, it becomes elementary for people to change the shape of the clay with the help of molds induced in them.

The wheel-thrown activity is quite time-consuming. Because it requires a certain period to get skilled in it. But once you get familiar with handling the throw, it will be easy to operate.

Required Tools for making great Pottery

Essential Material Required for Making pottery
Essential Material Required for Making pottery

In fact, the Tools are the most authenticated things to make pottery. It requires enhancing the edges, sides, and aspects of the thing meant by clay. The tool acknowledgment creates versatility in the built design of the pots, cups, or other items under consideration.

Moreover, If you are performing the pottery tasks at home, it is essential to have a complete tool kit to present a professional item made at home. The tool kit for pottery requires some of the following essential tools.

Needles, curve wires, scrapers, brushes, aprons, towels, sponges, chamois cloth (for creating a smooth appearance), clippers, knives, separate molds, and trimmers to re-edge the designs. Moreover, these tools are very beneficial for professional output after home pottery making.

Right Equipments for Pottery

Various technical equipment has been known that professionally aids in creating pottery. Some essential equipment for making pottery with clay is Pottery wheels or the Kiln. There are specific other options are also available for the sharpening of items, but most specifically, these two are the most used items

Pottery Wheel

The pottery wheel is an essential aspect of making pottery. If the owners want to save time and effort, it is better to use the pottery wheel to shape the objects.

Additionally, The working of these pottery wheels depends upon the type of item you are making. The pottery wheels are based on molds. It has a specified mold portion designed for different things you want to make.

Thus, wheel usage shapes any ceramic object effectively, including pots, plates, jugs, cups, etc. It is better to grab a suitable pottery wheel for regular ceramics objects.


Once you have shaped the wet clay and ceramic material in the required mold requirement, the subsequent proceeding is of the drying tasks. The Kiln can better perform the drying activity. Kiln has the interface to produce high temperatures.

This high temperature proves very helpful in drying the wet shaped clay. Ultimately it’s converted into the desirable designed ceramic item.

How to make pottery at Home – The Exact Method

Now you have a complete kit for making great pottery. This process is a point of concern. In This process, A Piece of clay converted into the most valuable and enchanting things.

Moreover, It has a whole working process with proper steps and instruction measures for desirable pottery items. Here are some detailed pottery-making steps that are given next to make pottery.

1st Step – Ceramics Baking process

Baking the ceramics at home begins with the selection of clay. Each type of clay (Earthenware, Porcelain, and Stoneware) is specified for particular pottery. These items are easily available online or almost nearer Art Supply Stores.

Earthenware is selected for a large item, including jugs, vases, and crocks. Stoneware is useful for dinnerware pieces, and most importantly, porcelain is highly functional for bowls, cups, and plates. 

Thus select the clay type according to your required demand.

2nd Step – Preparing the Clay

Once you select the clay type, it is better to prepare it. Cut the portion of the clay, mix it with water, and wedge it with your hands into the balls.

Apply reliable pressure on the clay balls, and keep on rolling them over some dry shelf. After rolling for a few minutes, cut the roller coil from the center and check the air bubbles.

If any air bubbles are found on the surface, repeat the wedging process. Because this bubble might disturb the structure of items in the kiln drying.

3rd Step – Shaping the Clay

After preparing the clay, it is time to shape it into the product structure using a pottery wheel. Clean and dry the potter’s wheel completely. After cleaning, adjust the clay portion into the assigned wheel mold. The adjustment requires water involvement also.

Once the property spinning action begins, the hands perform the next task. While spinning, adjust one hand inside the vessel and another outside of it to concise the clay. It will elongate the required shape of the pottery.

4th Step – The Bone Dry

Once the clay gets the proper shape, the next task is to bone dry. It is left for even weeks to get the moisture out of it altogether.

This situation requires extreme care, as it becomes very fragile. After the sitting of drying weeks, the item is placed into the Kiln with suitable temperature adjustment according to the type of clay. In other words, the project and item are all prepared.

5th and the Final Step – Glazing and Decorating

The final step is glazing and decorating it accordingly. Choose the glaze material depending on the clay’s nature. Before exposing the surface of the clay item to glaze, make sure to remove all the unwanted dust particles for then smooth glaze covering over it.

After the gaze gets dry, expose it to Kiln over the suitable temperature for the last time to give it a full and final finish and your handmade pottery is ready to show.

Frequently asked Questions

How to make ceramic pots without a kiln?

It is possible to dry out and fire out the clay without using Kiln and other equipment. Here is a very convenient method to air dry clay. But it takes time and can not boost the item to such a professional way.
Not only this, but kitchen ovens are also used for this purpose, but they do not get enough heat and temperature. Thus, Kiln is the most reliable thing to be used. As it has the proper adjustments for the types of clay. Here adjustments mean the different temperature that is adjusted according to the kind of clay chosen
Earthenware; average temperature requirement (Cone 06 to Cone 2)
Stoneware; Mid of the temperature requirement (Cone 3 – Cone 7)
Porcelain;  ahead of cone 10

What is a suitable place to work for pottery?

It is better to work over the concrete floors for the pottery and clay task because clay is dusty and concrete floors are impervious to water. Not only this, these floors are easy to clean. Apart from these, always choose an area with adequate access to water. For drying activity, a sturdy table or even the kitchen shelves.

Why is it worthy of producing pottery?

Pottery is considered the most durable form of art that has various fascinations. The products that have been prepared from the clay procession last longer. The final pottery products are most incredible compared to other ordinary art facts.

How to choose clay for pottery?

It depends on the choice of clay, and the clay has versatility in the selection. All types of clay refer to a certain kind of pottery product. For instance, porcelain is particularly specified for making cups, plates, etc. This clay can withstand high and low heat equally.

How to Create a Cute Pottery Video

The Conclusion Statement

Making pottery is not that hard undertaking, once you know about all the essential and proper tools, techniques, and types of pottery equipment. If you never had experience in building ceramics pottery or kilns at home. This Guide makes it effortless to configure further proceedings even at home.

Notably, All the materials required, including Kiln, clay/ceramics, pottery wheel, and other tools, are easily accessible from any art supply tools. Moreover, we provide the most basic analytical overview for further understanding.

The overview stands with the most prominent and frequently asked queries to create ceramics and other basic pottery needs. Further on, to be an expert in pottery activities, it is better to continue the practice with particular clay as clay allows to explore more and more with shaping and reshaping the product in wet form. Hopefully, you got the full guide for How to make pottery. Thanks for reading this post. Love from PotteryCraftHub.


Ceramic Arts Safety Guides by ehs.princeton.edu

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Jennie Deckow

Jennie Deckow is a renowned Professional in making Pottery and Ceramics. She has Followed her Childhood passion for making Potteries. Nowadays, she is a creative part of the potterycrafthub Team.

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